Subernarekha Major Irrigation Project JI02447

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1Irrigation Project Name Subernarekha Major Irrigation Project
2Irrigation Project Name Alias
3Purpose Irrigation
4Type Major
5Engineering Type Storage
6Status Ongoing
7State Odisha
8Districts Benefited Mayurbhanj,Baleshwar
9Basin Subarnarekha
10River Haladia,kharkai,Subarnarekha,Jambhira
11Project Sharing None
12Intercountry None
13Interbasin No
14Work Started in 5 Year Plan VII-Plan
15Completed in 5 Year Plan
16Project Approval Status Planning Commission
17Year of Approval by Planning Commission 1995
18Approved Cost (Rs. in cr) 790.32
19Actual Cost (Rs. in cr)
20Culturable Command Area (CCA) (th ha) 109.63
21Ultimate Irrigation Potential (UIP) (th ha) 187.46
22Potential Created (PC) (th ha)
23Project Covered under ERM Scheme No
24Project Covered under CADA Scheme No
25Project Covered under AIBP Scheme Yes
26Studies Conducted
27Project Covered under Tribal Sub-Plan
28Project Covered under Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP) Yes
29Remarks Haladia project constructed during Pre-Plan is now
part of this system. Chandil dam suffice flood
control for Odisha only.
1Baura DamDam
2Galudih BarrageBarrage/ Weir/ Anicut (BWA)
3Haladia DamDam
4Icha DamDam
5Jambhira DamDam

Project in Brief

The Subernarekha Irrigation Project of Orissa has been planned to utilise the Orissa share of Subernarekha waters (which is an Inter-State river) to the extent of 1214 hm3 out of the State’s share of 1,480 hm3 at Kokpara as per the distribution made in the Tripartite Agreement -1978 (TPA) among the three co-basin States of Bihar (now Jharkhand), Orissa and West Bengal. The barrage and headworks of the project are located on river Subernarekha at Galudih in Jharkhand. The Right Main Canal 56.04 km long takes off from this barrage to carry the allocated share of water up to Orissa border. Storages have been provided in the reservoirs at Chandil and Icha in Jharkhand for irrigation and flood control in Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal, which is a part of the Subernarekha Multi-purpose project of Jharkhand. The costs of the Galudih Barrage and Right Main Canal up to Orissa border are being shared by Orissa and Jharkhand in the proportion of 86.20: 13.80 and 94:6 respectively.

The project on completion will provide irrigation to a CCA of 1, 09,630 ha in Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts with an annual irrigation of 1, 87,460 ha. at an irrigation intensity of 171%


The different components of the project as being executed are as under:


Being executed by Govt of Jharkhand:

1. Construction of barrage across river Subernarekha at Galudih to divert part of Orissa’s share.

2. Construction of 56.04 km long Galudhih Right Bank Canal from Galudih Barrage to Jharkhand -Orissa Border to carry Orissa’s share of water.

3. Construction of Icha Dam in Jharkhand across river Kharkai to store 840 hm3 water for use by Orissa and Jharkhand in the ratio 50:18.

4. Construction of Chandil Dam across river Subernarekha for irrigation in Jharkhand and flood storage for Orissa and West Bengal (Orissa share 26.47%).


Being executed by Govt of Orissa:

1. Subernarekha Main Canal (SMC) - 46.50 km long lined canal is to be fed by Galudih Right Bank canal (56.04 km) in Jharkhand. This SMC with a designed discharge of 118.50 cumec will feed 3 command storage reservoir (Haldia, Jambhira and Baura), Betnoti Branch Canal and Subernarekha Branch Canal in addition to its own ayacut of 6,938 ha. (CCA).

2. Betnoti Branch Canal (Ex-SMC), 26.26 km long with full supply discharge of 60 cumec will irrigate a net CCA of 22,836 ha in addition to feeding the Baura Reservoir.

3. Subernarekha Branch Canal (EX-SMC), 20.20 km long with full supply discharge of 11.00 cumec will irrigate a net CCA of 7,339 ha.

4. Jhambhira Right Bank Main Canal (Ex Jhambhira dam), 24.789 km. long with full supply discharge of 3.81 Cumecs will irrigate a net CCA of 3530 ha. of land.

5. Jambhira Left Bank Canal (Ex Jambhira Dam), 75.51 km long with full supply discharge of 27.00 Cumec will irrigate a net CCA of 31109 ha. of land.

Three storage reservoir namely Haldia (remodelling of existing reservoir), Jambhira and Baura (new reservoirs) with their distribution system to irrigate a net CCA of 72,514 ha.

Haldia (existing reservoir) dam:

Haldia dam, an existing minor irrigation project was constructed during 1912. Proposed 4.2 km. long dam is aligned in close proximity to the 2.2 km. long old dam. About 700 m. of the old dam is to form the upstream toe of the proposed dam. In other portion the proposed alignment is about 100 m. downstream of the existing dam. The T.B.L. of proposed dam is about 9 m. higher than the existing dam.

Distribution system - The entire distribution system comprises minors and sub-minors of 800 km. length and lined water courses to irrigate the net CCA of 1, 09,627 ha.


The project estimate was accepted by the Technical Advisory Committee during 1982 for Rs.221.68 crore. This estimate has been updated several times. The Advisory Committee in its 55th Meeting held on 27.8.93 approved the estimate for Rs.790.32 crore (1993 prices) excluding the cost of common works in Jharkhand amounting to Rs.223.36 crore. The investment clearances for this had also been accorded by the Planning Commission vide their letter no. 2(82)/93-I & CAD dt.28.12.95. Further, the Advisory Committee has approved the total cost of the project as Rs.1013.68 crore at 1993 price level (including cost of common works in Jharkhand amounting to Rs.223.36 crore) in its meeting held on 4.2.97. The 98th TAC has accepted a cost of Rs 4,049.93 crore for the project at 2009 price level, which also includes a cost of Rs 817.52 crore to be borne by Odisha for works in Jharkhand. Investment clearance for the same has been accorded by Planning Commission

Present Status

Subarnarekha Irrigation Project of Odisha was brought under AIBP assistance since 1996. Upto March 2011, irrigation potential of 39,858 ha is created against 1,87,462 ha.

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