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river_basins [2020/01/16 03:39]
Vipul Dua [CGWB]
river_basins [2021/08/24 07:12] (current)
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 |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​20</​font> ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​18</​font> ​ |[[:​west_flowing_rivers_of_kutch_and_saurashtra_including_luni|West flowing rivers of Kutch and Saurashtra including Luni]] ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​321851</​font> ​ | |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​20</​font> ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​18</​font> ​ |[[:​west_flowing_rivers_of_kutch_and_saurashtra_including_luni|West flowing rivers of Kutch and Saurashtra including Luni]] ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​321851</​font> ​ |
 |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​21</​font> ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​19</​font> ​ |[[:​area_of_inland_drainage_in_rajasthan|Area of inland drainage in Rajasthan]] ​ | | |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​21</​font> ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​19</​font> ​ |[[:​area_of_inland_drainage_in_rajasthan|Area of inland drainage in Rajasthan]] ​ | |
-|<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​22</​font> ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​20</​font>  ​|[[http://​59.179.19.250/​wrpinfo/​index.php?​title=Minor_rivers_draining_into_Myanmar_&​_Bangladesh|Minor rivers draining into Myanmar & Bangladesh]]  ​|<​font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​36202</​font> ​ |+|<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​22</​font> ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​20</​font> ​ |Minor rivers draining into Myanmar & Bangladesh ​ |<font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​36202</​font> ​ |
  
 \\ \\
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 ===== Background ===== ===== Background =====
  
-[[http://​59.179.19.250/​wrpinfo/​index.php?​title=National_Water_Policy|Our National Water Policy]] recommends that resource planning in the case of water has to be done for a hydrological unit such as a basin or sub-basin. This means that all developmental projects in a basin should be formulated within the framework of an overall plan for a basin/​sub-basin. The National Water Policy further lays down that there should be an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to the planning, formulation,​ clearance and implementation of projects, including catchment and management, environmental and ecological aspects, rehabilitation of affected people and command area development. Such an integrated, multidisciplinary and basin-wise approach to river basin planning and management requires the establishment of an appropriate organization at the river basin level for ensuring optimum, all round and balanced development of the water resources of a river basin. River basin organizations envisaged above said function as a planning, co-ordination and management organization for the basin. It will combine various disciplines related to water resources development,​ drawing expertise from these disciplines in order to achieve optimal and integrated development of the water resources of the basin. It shall be charged with the authority for storage apportionment,​ regulation and control at various points in the river basin, publishing statistics or other information relating to various aspects of the regulation and development of the inter-state rivers and undertaking investigations,​ surveys etc. as found necessary. The Government, as early as 1956, had enacted the River Boards Act, recognizing the necessity of some organization for the control and regulation of interstate river basins. The Act authorizes the Union Government to establish River Boards, on a request received in this behalf from a State Government or otherwise, for advising the Government bodies interested in relation to such matters concerning the regulation or development of an interstate river or river valley or any specified part thereof and for performing such other functions as may be specified in the notification. So far, no effective river basin authority or organization has been established in the country for the integrated and optimum development of the water resources of basins. However, over the years since independence,​ a number of basin organizations have been created for limited purposes such as speedy implementation of master plans for specific purposes. An overview of the existing organizations is given below:+[[:​National_Water_Policy|Our National Water Policy]] recommends that resource planning in the case of water has to be done for a hydrological unit such as a basin or sub-basin. This means that all developmental projects in a basin should be formulated within the framework of an overall plan for a basin/​sub-basin. The National Water Policy further lays down that there should be an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to the planning, formulation,​ clearance and implementation of projects, including catchment and management, environmental and ecological aspects, rehabilitation of affected people and command area development. Such an integrated, multidisciplinary and basin-wise approach to river basin planning and management requires the establishment of an appropriate organization at the river basin level for ensuring optimum, all round and balanced development of the water resources of a river basin. River basin organizations envisaged above said function as a planning, co-ordination and management organization for the basin. It will combine various disciplines related to water resources development,​ drawing expertise from these disciplines in order to achieve optimal and integrated development of the water resources of the basin. It shall be charged with the authority for storage apportionment,​ regulation and control at various points in the river basin, publishing statistics or other information relating to various aspects of the regulation and development of the inter-state rivers and undertaking investigations,​ surveys etc. as found necessary. The Government, as early as 1956, had enacted the River Boards Act, recognizing the necessity of some organization for the control and regulation of interstate river basins. The Act authorizes the Union Government to establish River Boards, on a request received in this behalf from a State Government or otherwise, for advising the Government bodies interested in relation to such matters concerning the regulation or development of an interstate river or river valley or any specified part thereof and for performing such other functions as may be specified in the notification. So far, no effective river basin authority or organization has been established in the country for the integrated and optimum development of the water resources of basins. However, over the years since independence,​ a number of basin organizations have been created for limited purposes such as speedy implementation of master plans for specific purposes. An overview of the existing organizations is given below: 
  
 ===== Existing Organizations ===== ===== Existing Organizations =====
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 ==== Damodar Valley Corporation ==== ==== Damodar Valley Corporation ====
  
-[[http://59.179.19.250/wrpinfo/index.php?​title=File:​Damodar_valley.pdf|The establishment of Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) by an Act of Parliament in 1948]] marks the beginning of an authority with the responsibilities for designing and administering comprehensive programme of development of river basin. The <font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​DVC</​font>​ was modeled on the lines of Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA ) of the United States. The principal objectives of the DVC as laid down in the DVC Act, 1948 are promotion and operation of schemes for irrigation, water supply and drainage, generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy, flood control and navigation, promotion of afforestation,​ control of soil erosion, promotion of public health and the agricultural,​ industrial, economic and general well beings in the valley and its area of operation. The DVC is headed by a Chairman and has two full-time members. The Secretary and the Financial Adviser works directly under the Chairman. The DVC has under its authority four dams namely at Tilaiya, Konar, Maithon and Panchet. Irrigation system from Durgapur barrage is with West Bengal Government since 1964.+[[http://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/​wiki/​Damodar_valley.pdf|The establishment of Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) by an Act of Parliament in 1948]] marks the beginning of an authority with the responsibilities for designing and administering comprehensive programme of development of river basin. The <font 0.8em/​inherit;;​initial;;​inherit>​DVC</​font>​ was modeled on the lines of Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA ) of the United States. The principal objectives of the DVC as laid down in the DVC Act, 1948 are promotion and operation of schemes for irrigation, water supply and drainage, generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy, flood control and navigation, promotion of afforestation,​ control of soil erosion, promotion of public health and the agricultural,​ industrial, economic and general well beings in the valley and its area of operation. The DVC is headed by a Chairman and has two full-time members. The Secretary and the Financial Adviser works directly under the Chairman. The DVC has under its authority four dams namely at Tilaiya, Konar, Maithon and Panchet. Irrigation system from Durgapur barrage is with West Bengal Government since 1964.
  
 [[http://​www.dvc.gov.in/​|For details go to the website DVC]] [[http://​www.dvc.gov.in/​|For details go to the website DVC]]
 +
  
 ==== Bhakra-Beas Management Board ==== ==== Bhakra-Beas Management Board ====
  
-[[http://59.179.19.250/wrpinfo/index.php?​title=File:​Punjab_reorganization_act.pdf|The Bhakra Control Board and the Bhakra Advisory Board were constituted in 1950 by the Ministry of Works, Mines and Power for ensuring efficient, economical and early execution of the Bhakra-Nangal Project.On Reorganisation of the erstwhile state of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, Bhakra Management Board (BMB) was constituted under section 79 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966]].The administration,​ maintenance and operation of Bhakra Nangal Project were handed over to Bhakra Management Board w.e.f. 1st October 1967. Similar functions with regard to the Beas Project were also subsequently entrusted to the Bhakra Management Board which was renamed as [[http://59.179.19.250/wrpinfo/index.php?​title=File:​Bhakra_beas.pdf|Bhakra-Beas Management Board]]. The Board is entrusted with the task of administration,​ maintenance and operation of the two reservoirs for irrigation and power generation and regulation of supply of water to the States of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan and UT of Chandigarh and Delhi. The Board comprises of a Chairman, with two full time members. In addition, the Joint Secretary (Hydro), Ministry of Power, Govt of India, Commissioner (Indus), MoWR, Govt of India and the Secretaries of irrigation and Power Ministries of Punjab, Haryana,​Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh.<​code>​ +[[http://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/​wiki/​Punjab_reorganization_act.pdf|The Bhakra Control Board and the Bhakra Advisory Board were constituted in 1950 by the Ministry of Works, Mines and Power for ensuring efficient, economical and early execution of the Bhakra-Nangal Project.On Reorganisation of the erstwhile state of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, Bhakra Management Board (BMB) was constituted under section 79 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966]].The administration,​ maintenance and operation of Bhakra Nangal Project were handed over to Bhakra Management Board w.e.f. 1st October 1967. Similar functions with regard to the Beas Project were also subsequently entrusted to the Bhakra Management Board which was renamed as [[http://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/​wiki/​Bhakra_beas.pdf|Bhakra-Beas Management Board]]. The Board is entrusted with the task of administration,​ maintenance and operation of the two reservoirs for irrigation and power generation and regulation of supply of water to the States of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan and UT of Chandigarh and Delhi. The Board comprises of a Chairman, with two full time members. In addition, the Joint Secretary (Hydro), Ministry of Power, Govt of India, Commissioner (Indus), MoWR, Govt of India and the Secretaries of irrigation and Power Ministries of Punjab, Haryana,​Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh. 
-[[http://​www.bbmb.gov.in/​|For Detail information of the board visit the site BBMB]] +
-</​code>​+
  
 ==== Tungabhadra Board ==== ==== Tungabhadra Board ====
  
-[[http://59.179.19.250/wrpinfo/index.php?​title=File:​Notification-the_Tungabhadra_Board.pdf|The Tungabhadra Board]] was constituted by the President in exercise of the power vested under the Andhra State Act,1953 for completion of the Tungabhadra Project and for its operation and maintenance. The Board is in-charge of the common portions of the Tungabhadra Project which comprises of Tungabhadra Dam and reservoirs, low level canal, high level canal and right bank power houses. The Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal has made specific provisions in the Award for the use of Tungabhadra Waters by the States of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The responsibility for carrying out these specific provisions relating to the use of Tungabhadra waters has been entrusted to the Tungabhadra Board by the Tribunal. At present the Board consists of a Chairman appointed by the Government of India, a Finance Member also from Government of India and Members representing Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, all working part time on the Tungabhadra Board.+[[http://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/​wiki/​Notification-the_Tungabhadra_Board.pdf|The Tungabhadra Board]] was constituted by the President in exercise of the power vested under the Andhra State Act,1953 for completion of the Tungabhadra Project and for its operation and maintenance. The Board is in-charge of the common portions of the Tungabhadra Project which comprises of Tungabhadra Dam and reservoirs, low level canal, high level canal and right bank power houses. The Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal has made specific provisions in the Award for the use of Tungabhadra Waters by the States of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The responsibility for carrying out these specific provisions relating to the use of Tungabhadra waters has been entrusted to the Tungabhadra Board by the Tribunal. At present the Board consists of a Chairman appointed by the Government of India, a Finance Member also from Government of India and Members representing Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, all working part time on the Tungabhadra Board. 
  
 ==== Ganga Flood Control Commission ==== ==== Ganga Flood Control Commission ====
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 ==== Betwa River Board ==== ==== Betwa River Board ====
  
-[[http://59.179.19.250/wrpinfo/index.php?​title=File:​Betwa_board.pdf|Betwa River Board was constituted by the Union Ministry of Water Resources under the Betwa River Board Act, 1976]]. This was in accordance with the provisions of the interstate agreement reached in 1973 between the states of U.P. and M.P. regarding construction of Rajghat dam project and is responsible for the early, efficient and economical execution of the project. The Board is headed by Union Minister of Water Resources as Chairman. The Union Minister of Energy, Chief Ministers and the ministers in charge of Finance, Irrigation and Power of the States of UP and MP are members of the Board. The activities of the Board are managed by an Executive Committee under the chairmanship of the Chairman, Central Water Commission.+[[http://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/​wiki/​Betwa_board.pdf|Betwa River Board was constituted by the Union Ministry of Water Resources under the Betwa River Board Act, 1976]]. This was in accordance with the provisions of the interstate agreement reached in 1973 between the states of U.P. and M.P. regarding construction of Rajghat dam project and is responsible for the early, efficient and economical execution of the project. The Board is headed by Union Minister of Water Resources as Chairman. The Union Minister of Energy, Chief Ministers and the ministers in charge of Finance, Irrigation and Power of the States of UP and MP are members of the Board. The activities of the Board are managed by an Executive Committee under the chairmanship of the Chairman, Central Water Commission. 
  
 ==== Bansagar Control Board ==== ==== Bansagar Control Board ====
  
-[[http://59.179.19.250/wrpinfo/index.php?​title=File:​Bansagar_control_board.pdf|Bansagar Control Board]] was constituted in 1976 in pursuance of an interstate agreement between the states of Mahya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar regarding construction of Bansagar dam on Sone. The Board is in overall charge of the Bansagar dam, and its appurtenant structures and is responsible for the early, efficient and economical execution of the project. The Board is headed by Union Minister of Water Resources as its Chairman. The Union Minister of Energy, Chief Ministers and Ministers in charge of Irrigation and Finance of three states of UP, MP and Bihar and the Minister in charge of Electricity of Madhya Pradesh are its members. The affairs of the Board are managed by an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Chairman, Central Water Commission.+[[http://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/​wiki/​Bansagar_control_board.pdf|Bansagar Control Board]] was constituted in 1976 in pursuance of an interstate agreement between the states of Mahya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar regarding construction of Bansagar dam on Sone. The Board is in overall charge of the Bansagar dam, and its appurtenant structures and is responsible for the early, efficient and economical execution of the project. The Board is headed by Union Minister of Water Resources as its Chairman. The Union Minister of Energy, Chief Ministers and Ministers in charge of Irrigation and Finance of three states of UP, MP and Bihar and the Minister in charge of Electricity of Madhya Pradesh are its members. The affairs of the Board are managed by an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Chairman, Central Water Commission. 
  
 ==== Brahmaputra Board ==== ==== Brahmaputra Board ====
  
-[[http://59.179.19.250/wrpinfo/index.php?​title=File:​Brahmaputra_Board.pdf|Brahmaputra Board was established by the Govt. of India under the Brahmaputra Board Act, 1980]]. The Board was set up with the objective of carrying out surveys and investigations and preparing a master plan for the control of flood and bank erosion and improvement of drainage of the Brahmaputra Valley. In preparing the master plan, the Board shall have regard for the development and utilization of the water resources for irrigation, hydropower, navigation and other beneficial purposes. The Board is headed by a Chairman, appointed by the Govt. of India and has 20 members of whom 3 are appointed by the Govt. of India and 17 are members representing States of the North-Eastern Region, North-Eastern Council, concerned ministries and other agencies of the Govt. of India. Apart from Brahmaputra Valley, the Board has jurisdiction over the adjacent Barak Valley also. There is provision for the Board to take up construction of multipurpose projects in the approved master plan with the approval of the Central Government.+[[http://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/​wiki/​Brahmaputra_Board.pdf|Brahmaputra Board was established by the Govt. of India under the Brahmaputra Board Act, 1980]]. The Board was set up with the objective of carrying out surveys and investigations and preparing a master plan for the control of flood and bank erosion and improvement of drainage of the Brahmaputra Valley. In preparing the master plan, the Board shall have regard for the development and utilization of the water resources for irrigation, hydropower, navigation and other beneficial purposes. The Board is headed by a Chairman, appointed by the Govt. of India and has 20 members of whom 3 are appointed by the Govt. of India and 17 are members representing States of the North-Eastern Region, North-Eastern Council, concerned ministries and other agencies of the Govt. of India. Apart from Brahmaputra Valley, the Board has jurisdiction over the adjacent Barak Valley also. There is provision for the Board to take up construction of multipurpose projects in the approved master plan with the approval of the Central Government.
  
 [[http://​www.brahmaputraboard.gov.in/​|For detail go to the website Brahmaputra Board]] [[http://​www.brahmaputraboard.gov.in/​|For detail go to the website Brahmaputra Board]]
 +
  
 ==== Narmada Control Authority ==== ==== Narmada Control Authority ====
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