Ravi Canal Project(Ravi) Major Irrigation Project JI01763

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1Irrigation Project Name Ravi Canal Project (Ravi ) Major Irrigation Project
2Irrigation Project Name Alias
3Purpose Irrigation
4Type Major
5Engineering Type Diversion, Lift, Storage
6Status Completed
7State Jammu & Kashmir
8Districts Benefited Kathua,Samba
9Basin Indus up to International Border
10River Ravi
11Project Sharing None
12Intercountry None
13Interbasin No
14Work Started in 5 Year Plan V-Plan
15Completed in 5 Year Plan IX-Plan
16Project Approval Status Planning Commission
17Year of Approval by Planning Commission 1973
18Approved Cost (Rs. in cr) 29.84
19Actual Cost (Rs. in cr) 130
20Culturable Command Area (CCA) (th ha) 32.18
21Ultimate Irrigation Potential (UIP) (th ha) 53.9
22Potential Created (PC) (th ha) 40
23Project Covered under ERM Scheme Yes
24Project Covered under CADA Scheme Yes
25Project Covered under AIBP Scheme No
26Studies Conducted
27Project Covered under Tribal Sub-Plan No
28Project Covered under Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP)
1Basantpur Lift StationLift
2Lakhanpur Lift StationLift
3Ranjit Sagar DamDam
4Shahpur Kandi DamDam
5Ujh Level Crossing BarrageBarrage/ Weir/ Anicut (BWA)

Project Description

Ravi Tawi Project a conglomeration of two canals namely the Ravi Canal and Tawi Lift Canal and was envisaged for construction in early 70’s . The Main Ravi Canal with design capacity of 1150 cusecs to use Ravi Waters was to take off from right bank of Thein dam/Ranjit Sagar dam on River Ravi. The CCA and Potential of Ravi Canal project is (excluding tawi lift)is 32180 hectare and 53900 hectare respectively.

River Ravi a major constituent in the Indus Basin system originates at Mani Mahesh Lake in Himachal Pradesh, and flows through Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab before it enters into Pakistan to meet Indus River. There are three Dams constructed across River Ravi in Himachal Pradesh known as Chamera-I,II and III. Further downstream, Thein Dam, now known as Ranjit Sagar dam has been constructed by Punjab Government to generate Hydro-power (installed capacity 480 MW).

The Ranjit Sagar Dam is located about 15 Km upstream of Madhopur barrage from where Kashmir canal draws 800 cusecs including 200 cusecs for Lakhanpur Lift Station which after drawing water from Kashmir canal feeds to Ravi canal. From Left side of Madhopur barrage, Upper Bari Doab canal takes off to provide irrigation to command in Punjab. The Ranjit Sagar Dam originally envisaging Power generation and providing irrigation through Ravi canal in Jammu Kashmir was started in the 1970s and commissioned in 2000.

Accordingly, Government of J&K formulated project proposal under which the canal was to take off from the right bank of River Ravi downstream of Ranjit Sagar Dam receiving water from the tail race of the Power house. The Construction of Dam & Ravi Canal began simultaneously in the 1970s.

However, later on, the Power house was shifted on the left side of the River instead of right side as originally proposed, rendering the proposal of Ravi canal redundant as per original Plan.

The Government of Punjab & Jammu & Kashmir, subsequently entered into an agreement in 1979 under which the Shahpur Kandi Dam was proposed about 10 Km downstream of the Ranjit Sagar Dam from where the Ravi canal was proposed to off-take which will reduce the length of the Canal amongst other things. However, the Execution of Barrage is yet to be completed/ taken up. Ravi canal Project has been proposed to be implemented in 4 phases as below:


a) Main Ravi Canal d/s Ujh Barrage to Distributory No. 17 -34 km, Commissioned in 1981-82

b) construction of Ujh Barrage -0.356 Km, Commissioned in 1981-82

c) Construction of Distributory No. 5 to 17 - 291 km, commissioned in 1981-82

Phase II

a) Main Ravi canal from Lakhanpur to u/s of Ujh barrage-24.25 km, Commissioned in 1983-84

b) Main Ravi canal from Distributory 17 to tail end-10.35 km, Commissioned in 1983-84

c) Main Ravi canal from Distributory 1 to 4 & Distributory 18 to 20 - 18.1 km, commissioned in 1983-84

d) Lift Station at Lakhanpur ( 200 cusec), Commissioned in 1983-84

Phase III

a) Main Ravi Canal from lift Station Basantpur to Lakhanpur-8.27 Km, Commissioned in 1988-89

b) Lift Station Basantpur ( 500 cusec), Commissioned in 1988-89

Phase IV

Main Ravi Canal from Ranjit Sagar Dam to Basantpur- 8.2 Km(not yet Started)

The 4th phase is dependent on Construction of Shahpur Kandi Dam d/s of Ranjit Sagar Dam by Government of Punjab or else now Government of J&K has prepared a proposal to draw water from upstream of Ranjit Sagar dam. In the absence of water from either Ranjit Sagar dam / Shahpur Kandi barrage Ravi canal system is drawing Ujh river waters since its execution.

As per the original plan Ravi canal was to cross Ujh River but finally a barrage was approved across river Ujh. The Ravi water is supposed to inflow into the barrage from the left bank after meeting the requirements enroute and will be diverted from the barrage on the right bank for right bank requirements. The original proposed Ujh canal which was to draw water from Ujh River has now been converted as one of the Distributory of the system.

Restoration and Modernisation of Ravi Canal Project

As the existing system has become old including pumps leading to non-utilzation of potential, a scheme of restoration and modernisation of Ravi canal prepared by Govt of J&K is approved by Planning Commission in the year 2010 for an estimated cost of Rs 62.27 crore. It is planned to restore potential in a CCA of 26,660 hectare to achieve potential of 50479 hectare. This project is brought under AIBP in the year 2011-12.

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