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Large Dams in India

DEFINITION OF LARGE DAMS FOR INCLUSION UNDER NRLD
As per International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) Specification

  • A large dam is classified as one with a maximum height of more than 15 metres from its deepest foundation to the crest.
  • A dam between 10 and 15 metres in height from its deepest foundation is also included in the classification of a large dam provided it complies with one of the following conditions :

a) length of crest of the dam is not less than 500 metres or

b) capacity of the reservoir formed by the dam is not less than one million cubic metres or

c) the maximum flood discharge dealt with by the dam is not less than 2000 cubic metres per second or

d) the dam has specially difficult foundation problems, or

e) the dam is of unusual design

On review on consideration of “height” for arriving at whether dam is in category of Large dam or not the above definition has been retained for dams other than Earthen and Rock fill dams. For Earthen and Rock fill dams following definition of large dams has been adopted from “IS 12169-1987- criteria for design of small embankment dams” for inclusion under NRLD.

Large Dam

A dam exceeding 15m in height above deepest river bed level and a dam between 10 and 15 m height provided volume of earthwork exceeds 0.75 million m3 and storage exceeds 1 million m3 or the maximum flood discharge exceeds 2000 cumecs.“

#NamePurposeRiverNearest CityDistrictStateBasinStatusCompletion YearTypeLength (m)Max Height above Foundation (m)Design Gross Storage Capacity (MCM)
1Tehri DamHydroelectric,IrrigationBhagirathiPratapnagarTehri GarhwalUttarakhandGangaCompleted2005Earthen / Gravity & Masonry575260.53540
2Lakhwar DamHydroelectric,IrrigationYamunaDehradunDehradunUttarakhandGangaProposed Earthen / Gravity & Masonry451204587.84
3Idukki (Eb)/Idukki Arch DamHydroelectricPeriyarTodupulaiIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1974Gravity & Masonry3661691998.57
4Bhakra DamHydroelectric,Irrigation,RecreationSatlujBilaspurBilaspurHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderCompleted1963Earthen / Gravity & Masonry518.16167.649867.84
5Pakal Dul DamHydroelectricMarusudarKishtwarKishtwarJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderProposed Earthen / Gravity & Masonry305167.1254
6Sardar Sarover Gujarat DamHydroelectric,IrrigationNarmadaRajpiplaNarmadaGujaratNarmadaCompleted Gravity & Masonry12101639500
7Srisailam (N.S.R.S.P) DamHydroelectric,IrrigationKrishnaNandikotkurKurnoolTelanganaKrishnaCompleted1984Earthen5121458724.88
8Ranjit Sagar DamFlood Control,Hydroelectric,IrrigationRaviPathankotKathuaPunjabIndus up to International BorderCompleted1999Earthen6171453280
9Baglihar DamHydroelectricCHENABRambanRambanJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderCompleted2009Gravity & Masonry364.362143475
10Chamera I DamHydroelectricRaviBhattiyatChambaHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderCompleted1994Earthen / Gravity & Masonry295140242.3
11Cheruthoni (Eb) DamHydroelectricCheruthoniTodupulaiIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1976Earthen / Gravity & Masonry651138.381998.57
12Pong DamHydroelectric,IrrigationBeasDera GopipurKangraHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderCompleted1974Earthen / Gravity & Masonry1950.7132.598570
13Jamrani DamIrrigationGolaNaini TalNainitalUttarakhandGangaProposed1990Gravity & Masonry465130.6
14Subansiri Lower HE (Nhpc) DamHydroelectricSubansiriLower SubansiriLower SubansiriArunanchal PradeshBrahmaputraUnder Construction2014Gravity & Masonry2841301643
15Ramganga DamHydroelectric,IrrigationRamgangaLansdowneGarhwalUttarakhandGangaCompleted1974Earthen630127.52448
16Nagarjuna Sagar DamHydroelectric,IrrigationKrishnaGuruzalaGunturTelanganaKrishnaCompleted1974Earthen4865124.6611553
17Kakki (Eb) DamHydroelectricKakkiRaniPathanamthittaKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1966Earthen / Gravity & Masonry336.19116.13454.07
18Nagi DamIrrigationNagiJamuiJamuiBiharGangaCompleted1958Earthen1884113.5108
19Salal (Rockfill And Concrete ) DamHydroelectricChenabGool Gulab GarhReasiJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderCompleted1986Earthen / Gravity & Masonry48711328.5
20Lakhya DamDrinking / Water SupplyLakhya holeMudigereChikmagalurKarnatakaKrishnaCompleted1994Earthen1048108273.79
21Sholayar DamHydroelectric,IrrigationSholayarPollachiCoimbatoreTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1971Earthen / Gravity & Masonry1244.18105.16152.48
22Koyna DamHydroelectricKoynaPatanSataraMaharashtraKrishnaCompleted1964Earthen807.72103.022980.69
23Idamalayar (Eb) DamHydroelectricIdamalayarDevikolamIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1985Earthen / Gravity & Masonry3731021208.23
24Supa DamHydroelectricKali NadiSupaUttara KannadaKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted1987Gravity & Masonry331.291014178
25Karjan DamIrrigationKarjanRajpiplaNarmadaGujaratNarmadaCompleted1987Earthen / Gravity & Masonry903100630
26Kulamavu (Eb) DamHydroelectricKilivillithodeTodupulaiIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1977Gravity & Masonry3851001998.57
27Koteshwar DamHydroelectricBhagirathiPratapnagarTehri GarhwalUttarakhandGangaCompleted Gravity & Masonry300.597.588.9
28Lower : PPSP DamHydroelectric,IrrigationKistobazar nallaPuruliyaPuruliyaWest BengalSubarnarekhaCompleted Rockfill3109516
29Doyang Hep DamHydroelectric,Drinking / Water SupplyDoyangWokhaWokhaNagalandBrahmaputraCompleted Earthen46292565
30Rihand DamHydroelectric,IrrigationRihandDudhiSonbhadraUttar PradeshGangaCompleted1962Gravity & Masonry93291.4610608.32
31Indira Sagar (NHDC) DamHydroelectric,IrrigationNarmadaKhandwaEast NimarMadhya PradeshNarmadaCompleted2006Earthen / Gravity & Masonry65491.412220
32Warna DamHydroelectric,IrrigationVarnaShahuwadiKolhapurMaharashtraKrishnaCompleted2000Earthen / Gravity & Masonry158088.8974.188
33Bhatsa DamHydroelectric,IrrigationBhatsa and chornaShahapurThaneMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted1983Earthen / Gravity & Masonry95988.5976.1
34Pillur DamHydroelectricBhavaniMettuppalaiyamCoimbatoreTamil NaduCauveryCompleted1967Gravity & Masonry3578844.4
35Upper Kodayar DamHydroelectricKodayarKalkulamKanniyakumariTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1972Gravity & Masonry1668898.51
36Hasdeo Bango (Minimata) DamHydroelectric,IrrigationHasdeoKatghoraKorbaChhattisgarhMahanadiCompleted1990Earthen / Gravity & Masonry554.5873417
37Jakham Main DamIrrigationJakham (mahi)PratapgarhPratapgarhRajasthanMahiCompleted1986Gravity & Masonry25387142.02
38Teesta -V (NHPC) DamHydroelectricTeestaNorthNorthSikkimBrahmaputraCompleted2007Gravity & Masonry176.586.813.5
39Lower Ghatghar DamHydroelectricShahi NallaShahapurThaneMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted2007Gravity & Masonry44986.143.21
40Kallada (Parappar) (Id) DamHydroelectric,IrrigationKalladaPattanapuramKollamKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1986Gravity & Masonry33585.35524
41Madupetty (Eb) DamHydroelectricPalarDevikolamIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1957Earthen / Gravity & Masonry237.7485.3455.4
42Parbati II DamHydroelectricParbatiKulluKulluHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderUnder Construction Gravity & Masonry101.5856.55
43Chakra DamIrrigationChakraHosanagaraShimogaKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1985Rockfill57084222.6
44Bandardhara DamHydroelectric,IrrigationParavaraAkolaAhmadnagarMaharashtraGodavariCompleted1926Gravity & Masonry271782.35312.6
45Lower Vaitarna DamDrinking / Water SupplyVaitarnaShahapurThaneMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted1954Gravity & Masonry567.0782204.98
46Ukai DamFlood Control,Hydroelectric,IrrigationTapiSongadhTapiGujaratTapiCompleted1972Earthen / Gravity & Masonry4927818510
47Upper Aliyar DamHydroelectricAliyarPollachiCoimbatoreTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1971Gravity & Masonry3158126.57
48Aruna DamHydroelectric,IrrigationArunaVaibhavwadiSindhudurgMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to Tadri Earthen124080.4193.378
49Upper Bhavani DamHydroelectricBhavaniUdagamandalamThe NilgirisTamil NaduCauveryCompleted1965Gravity & Masonry41980101.2
50Pare Dam (Pare HE project) Dikrong Completed Gravity & Masonry152.27819.63

(Source: India-WRIS WebGIS)

  1. National register of large dams Link]
  2. India-WRIS: Water Resources Projects sub-information system Link]
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